単語は例文なしの単語の羅列。この状態で丸暗記するのは無理だと思います。自分が暗記しやすい例文を考えてノートをつくって、それをもって学習するのがいいと思います。また、同義語については、例えば snare = trap, wileのように載っています。意味の方向としては、確かに、”仲間”なんですが、意味はまったく同じではなくニュアンスが異なります。この単語帳に載っている同義語はすべて辞書で確認したほうがいいと思います。
I have a touch of hesitation about it.
a touch of / a shame of / a smack of
That medicine acted on his health.
work on / told on
Take care not to addict yourself to drugs.
addict oneself to / indulge oneself to
Harmful emotions like anger, hatred and the like are bug energy wasters.
and the like / and what not / and so on
Apart from her carelessness, she was out of luck.
apart from aside from
As a rule the British are more conservative than the Americans.
as a rule / on the whole / by and large / all in all
We want one more room at our command.
at one’s command / at one’s disposal / at one’s service
He is at his wit’s end about what to do.
at one’s wit’s end / at a loss / at sea
He rose the position at the cost of his health.
at the cost of / at the expense of / at the price of / at the sacrifice of
Don’t touch upon the matter at the onset.
at the onset / at the outset / at first
You should avail yourself of this opportunity.
avail oneself of / take advantage of / utilize
Pity is akin to love.
be akin to / be similar to / be analogous to / resemble
He is at home in things Arabian.
be at home in (on) / be versed in be informed of / be familiar with
This flight is bound for San Francisco by way of Honolulu.
be bound for / be destined for
The custom is characteristic of this part of the country.
be characteristic of / be peculiar to
Your paper is clear of mistakes.
be clear of / be free from
He is deficient in musical sense.
be deficient in / be devoid of / be lacking in / be wanting in / be in want of
I am disposed to get married.
be disposed to / be inclined to
I’ll be much indebted to you if you lend me the money
be indebted to / be obliged to
Don’t brood over your past failures.
brood over / dwell upon (on)
When her father breathed his last, she burst into tears.
burst into tears / burst out crying
By and by, the fact of the matter will be known.
by and by / before long / in (due) time / in due course (of time)
He reached the top by dint strenuous efforts.
by dint of / by virtue / by means of
A train collided with a car at the crossing.
collide with / run into
A new species came into being.
come into being / come into existence
The president complied with the labor union’s demand.
comply with / accede to / consent to / assent to
Can you distinguish a hawk from an eagle?
distinguish A form B
distinguish between A and B
tell A form B
know A form B
For my part, I have no objection to the plan.
for one’ s part / as for one
This much money will do for the time being.
for the time being / for the moment / for the present
I got the ticket for nothing.
for nothing / free of charge
Get in(to) touch with Mr. Smith as soon as possible.
get in touch with / come in(to) contact with
She finally gave in to the temptation.
give in to / give way to / yield to / succumb to
Hand in your assignment by tomorrow
had in / turn in / give in
I hit on a good idea.
hit on (upon)
strike on (up)
He held his tongue at the meeting.
hold one’s tongue / keep silent / save one’s breath
She is vain in a great measure.
in a great measure in a large measure / to a great extent / to a degree
In brief what he wants is money.
in a word
in a nutshell
There is no police station in my neighborhood.
in the neighborhood of / in the vicinity
You must try to keep up with the times.
keep up with / keep pace with / keep abreast of (with)
You must lay by some money for a rainy day.
lay by / set by / put by
I make a point of jogging half an hour every morning.
make a point of doing / make a habit of dong / make it a rule to do
You should try to make the most of what you have.
make the most of / make the best of
A new notion occurred to me.
occur to / flash to
The song stayed at No.1 on the hit chart for three on end.
on end / in a row
The Prime Minister put stress on the importance of international trade.
put stress on / lay emphasis on
He spent money extravagantly regardless of his income.
regardless of / without regard of / without respect to (of)
I am waiting for her to show up.
show up / turn up
He made great efforts to no purpose.
to no purpose / in vain / for nothing
The construction I snow under way.
under way / in progress
Take down this sentence in your notebook.
take down / put down / set down
Watch out for the traffic on your way.
watch out / look out
The plane arrived two hours ahead of time.
ahead of time
You should not come behind time.
Try to be ahead of times.
ahead of times
Try not to fall behind the times.
behind the times
We are at rest at that time.
at rest / at work
I am anxious to marry you.
be anxious to do / be eager to do
She is reluctant to give her hand to him.
be reluctant to do
Your way of life is consistent with your view of life.
be consistent with
What you do is inconsistent with what you say.
be inconsistent with
He is indifferent to what he wears.
be indifferent to
She is particular about foods.
be particular about / be fussy about / be fastidious about
A teacher is supposed to be patient with his pupils.
be patient with
I am quite impatient with those youngsters.
be impatient with
Individuality counts for very much in the United States.
count for much
Mere nimbleness counts for nothing.
count for nothing
The patient took a turn for the better.
for the better
The situation changed for the worse.
for the worse
She began to gain weight.
gain weight / gain flesh / put on weight
I usually lose weight in summer.
lose weight / lose flesh
He got the better of his opponent.
get the better of (= defeat)
He had the worse in the fight.
have the worse / have the worst
The market is now in good shape.
in good shape
She is in bad shape.
in bad shape / out of shape
I didn’t mean it; I said it just in jest.
in jest / in frolic
You must think about it in earnest.
I am not used speaking in public.
You’d better do it in private.
The liner came in sight on the horizon.
The cruiser went out of sight beyond the horizon.
out of sight
What she wears is in vogue now.
in vogue cf. in fashion, in style
Miniskirts are out of vogue.
out of vogue of. out of style, out of date
She kept her temper at the tragic scene.
keep one’s temper
He lost his temper to hear the news.
lose one’s temper
He turned managed to live up to his parents’ expectations.
live up to
He turned out to come short of his own aspirations.
come short of
Old people tend to look back on their past.
look back on
Young people look forward to their future.
All the students look up to the professor.
look up to
Don’s look down on your inferiors.
look down on(upon)
He lost his face because of the misdemeanor.
lose one’s face
He barely saved his face.
save one’s face
He can’t speak English, much less Spanish.
to say nothing of
She speaks French, to say nothing of English.
A whale is no more a fish than a horse is.
no more A than B
A whale is no less a mammal than a horse.
no less A than B
The rule of offside is of much account in rugby.
of much account
His letter of recommendation is of no account.
of no account
He is now in New York on business.
I’ll be at home on leave tomorrow.
She is on good terms with him.
on good terms with
Dogs are on bad terms with cats.
on bad terms with
the victim lay on his face.
on his face
The couple were lying on their backs, looking up the moon.
on one’s back
You should be on your guard against bugging.
on one’s guard
They were off their guard when the police broke in.
off one’s guard
Prices are now on the rise.
on the rise
Our business is on the fall.
on the fall
But for her presence of mind she would have been drowned.
one’s presence of mind
His absence of mind led to the accident.
one’s absence of mind
I am only too glad to see you again.
The party was none too pleasant.
What you say is out of question.
out of question
I persuaded him into accepting the proposal.
persuade –into doing
I was dissuaded by her from ruing away from home.
dissuade – form doing
His Majesty the Emperor presented himself at the ceremony.
present oneself at
I absented myself from the dance.
absent oneself from
She soon recovered from the flu.
She came down with a bad cold.
come down with
I’ve never heard him speak ill of others.
speak ill of = blame
He always speaks well (highly)of his secretary.
speak well of = praise
Mark will succeed to (=take over) his father’s business.
The father handed over (=handed down) his business to his son.
His explanation was to the point.
What you say is wide of the mark.
His roundabout words add up to his refusal.
add up to = amount to
He could not help alluding to his woeful plight.
allude to = suggest
I am ready to answer for his honesty.
answer for = bear the blame for
She applied herself to the study of English.
apply oneself to = devote oneself to
The nurse attended on the patients day and night.
attend on = tend, wait on
cf. attend to
His sympathy bears witness to his warm heart.
bear witness to = verify
Don’t beat around the bush, but come to the point directly.
beat around (about) the bush
Jean may beat you to the draw.
beat – to the draw / beat it the punch
My car broke down on the way. (= go out of order)
She finally broke down under the stress. (= collapse)
Yamada broke in while I was speaking.(=interrupt)
Thieves broke in last night.(=invade)
The meeting broke up at four.
I can’t bring myself to accept your offer.
bring oneself to do = feel like doing
Brush up your English before it is too late.
brush up (on)
Both sides decided to bury the hatchet.
bury the hatchet = make a truce
To call a spade a spade, he is a coward.
call a spade a spade = say bluntly
Don’t tell me names behind my back.
call – names = blame criticize
The contest was called off.
call off = cancel
He was called upon to deliver a speech.
call on (upon) – to do
You’ll catch it if you do such a thing.
catch it = be scolded
The condominium has changed hands recently.
The accident came about on the college campus.
come about = happen, occur
He’ll come around sooner or later.
come around = change one’s mind
How did you come by this gorgeous tapestry?
come by = obtain, get
He came into a large fortune form his uncle.
come into = inherit
My daughter will come of age soon.
come of age = mature
She fainted, but came to pretty soon.
come to = come to one’s senses, recover, consciousness
The two countries came to terms as to the tariffs.
come to terms = agree
I couldn’t command myself at that time.
command myself = keep one’s temper
The new plan didn’t commend itself to the Prime Minister.
commend oneself to
Most girls confide in their mothers.
confide in his honesty = have confidence in his honesty
The government must cope with this difficulty at any cost.
The government decided to cut down(on) the welfare expenses.
cut down(on) = reduce
This custom dates back to the Edo era.
date back to
You are deceiving yourself if you think so.
He delivered himself of that long suppressed view.
Superstitions die hard.
He can’t dispense with alcoholic drinks.
They disposed of the matter to their own advantage.
Let’s do away with useless conventions.
Do that exercise over till it is perfect.
do over = repeat
Do up your hair. cf. do one’s face
You have done well to keep silent.
He drew on his experience for the details of the story.
Never fail to drop me a line once a month.
Drop in on me when you come this way.
The urban area ate its way through the countryside.
cf. make one’s way
All his attempts ended up in smoke.
cf. end up as a murderer, end up by surrendering, end up with a loss
You may fall back on me anytime.
fall back on (upon) = depend on(upon)
Coming-of-age Day falls on Sunday this year.
An eagle fell on the lizard.
I felt for my watch in the dark.
feel for = feel after cf. reach after
I can’t figure out what he is driving at.
He figured out an efficient method.
She is always finding fault with others.
find fault with = criticize
Stop fishing for the secret.
He is very hard to get along with.
cf. get along, get on
The rumor got around soon.
get around / get a round = spread, circulate, go about
The firm ingeniously got around the rule.
get around = evade, circumvent, find a way to deal with to one’s advantage
Get the snob down.
get down = defeat
The humid weather got down all the people.
get down = depress
We have to get down to this problem seriously.
He finally got even with his enemy.
get even with = revenge oneself on, get one’s revenge on
His way of talking got on my nerves.
get on one’s nerves = irritate
She is the last person to give away the secret.
give away = tell
She finally gave her hand to John.
He gave vent to his anger.
give vent to = discharge
This will go a long way towards setting the dispute.
Go about your business.
Nickel coins are going about.
go about = get around, spread
Let’s go Dutch tonight.
a Dutch treat (account)
cf. This is on me.
What kinds of sports do you go in for these days?
The firecracker went off with a bang.
The ceremony went off smoothly.
All the lights went out at one time.
go off （自動詞）
cf. put out, extinguish（他動詞）
He went so far as to call me an idiot.
go as far as to do - = even do
Stop hanging about in my neighborhood.
Don’t keep this matter hanging over.
hang over = remain, unsettled
An imminent danger hung over me.
Don’t hang up, but hold on, please.
He has biochemistry at his fingertips.
Mendel had a green thumb.
have a green thumb = have a talent for horticulture
She began to have her nose in their since she married rich.
He holds on to an out-of-date method.
I can’t hold on any longer.
The wind impinged on the door.
Nobody can impinge on the fundamental human rights.
You’ll be imposed on by her.
I hate to impose on you, but will you move over and make room for me?
Now no country can keep AIDS at bay.
keep – at bay = keep away from
You must keep clear of gambling.
keep clear of = keep away from = abstain from = refrain from
The accused kept his chin up hearing the sentence of capital punishment.
The law was laid down long ago.
lay down = ordain
He has been laid up with a cold for a week.
He can’t even play the piano, let alone (= still less / mush less) compose a tune.
let alone = not to mention = to say nothing of = not to speak of
I’ll never let you down.
let down = dishearten
Our school will let out for the summer soon.
The rain is letting up.
He was so poor as to live from hand to mouth.
live from hand to mouth = make a bare living
Will you please look over my paper?
The guests made a beeline for the exit.
make a beeline for = as the crow files
Make a clean breast of all your troubles.
He made a face at the news.
The family was badly off, but managed to make (both) ends meet.
Night coming on, the children made for home.
make for = proceed to
The new treaty will make for peace.
make for= contribute to
I want to see you at five. Can you make it?
Let’s make it at five.
He made up a plausible pretext.
make up = forge
You must somehow make up for the lost time.
make up = compensate for
The often quarrel, but make up soon.
I meant my son for a scholar.
mean A for B
I refuse to meet him halfway about this matter.
meet = halfway = compromise with
I had to part with my long-cherished photo.
I have passed on your application to the personal section.
pass on = forward
Will you help me pick out a hat?
pick out = choose, select , single out
The baby began to pick up a few words.
pick up = learn
I’ll pick you up at your home at three.
He pored over the book.
pore over = peruse
I prevailed on her to a accompany me.
You must always provide for a rainy day.
provide for = prepare for
He had to provide for his family.
provide for = support
The boss pulled a long face at his men.
pull a long face = make a grimace
She pulled herself together after a long spell of dejection.
pull oneself together = recover vigor
An ambulance pulled up at a hospital.
She put the mistake down to me.
put A down to B = attribute (=ascribe, impute) A down to B
He racked his brains to work out a solution.
You must not resort to violence.
resort to = have recourse to
It rests with you to decide your own future.
= rest with = lie with, lie on, be up to
We rounded off the party with the song “Auld Long Syne”.
See (to it) that all the doors are locked.
You must set about the work right away.
set about = start, begin
The rainy season has set in.
set in = start
You’d better sleep on (upon) it before deciding.
Jane sometimes spills the beans.
I’ll stand by you whatever may happen.
The crown stands for royal dignity.
stand for = represent
I can’t stand for such rude behavior.
stand for = endure, tolerate, put up with
Don’t stand in my way.
Her sculpture stood out from the rest.
stand out = be distinguished
Don’t let us stand on (upon) ceremony.
She took to drinking after she lost her husband.
take to = indulge in
The sisters took turns at cooking their supper.
We must turn down request.
turn down = refuse, reject
I am not about to change my schedule.
The baseball player is said to have been addicted to cocaine.
be addicted to = indulge in = take to
Luxury is alien to me.
Politicians must be alive to the needs of the people.
be alive to = be sensitive to
I am all thumb when it comes to needlework.
be all thumbs = be clumsy
We are now badly off because of the high prices.
He is bent on horse-racing.
He is bent on becoming a professional baseball player.
She was born of a noble family.
be born of = come of (from)
I am clean broke.
be broke = be bankrupt
He was cross with me for not repaying the money.
be cross with = be angry with
He is cut for a salesman.
She is quite deft of hand.
He is desirous of fame.
He is devoid of human feelings.
be devoid of = be lacking of
The swimming pool was empty of water.
I am envious of his handsome features.
Freedom of speech is essential to democracy.
I’m fed up with your big talk.
be fed up with = be sick (weary, tired) of
The auditorium is filled to capacity with students.
That state is free from racial prejudice.
be free from = be clear of
These goods are free of duty.
The new teacher is fresh from college.
We are given to regretting our past.
be given to = be addicted to
She is given to rock music.
Such a book is good for nothing.
I am more than grateful to you for your help.
= thankful to – for
My grandfather is hard of hearing.
Stop being hard on me.
She was hard put to decide whether to marry him or not.
I am hard up for money.
I am ill at ease in my father’s company.
We are all in the same boat about that matter.
Her face was innocent of any kind of makeup.
He is innocent of the bribery.
These days housewives are keen on sports.
The ball park was jammed with fans.
be jammed with = be packed with
You are liable for the damage.
be liable for = be responsible for
You are liable to a fine.
Your kindness is never lost on me.
She is married to a foreigner.
I am no match for her in cooking.
be no match for = can’t hold a candle to
She must be obsessed by a demon.
She was still of two minds as to whether to go.
She is now on a diet.
I am opposed to the plan.
be opposed to = be object to
Your behavior is quite out of place.
She is out of sorts and lying in bed.
be out of sorts = be in low sprits
Tourists were packed like sardines on the ship.
You are qualified for an interpreter.
He is second to none in his math.
The specifications are subject to change without notice.
He is susceptible of temptation.
I was taken aback to hear the news.
The same is true of our country.
be true of = be applicable to
You’ll be up and about in a couple of days.
It is up to you which way to go.
It is up to you to help the handicapped.
He is a black sheep in the family.
His bitter experience turned out to be a blessing in disguise.
His interference was like that of a dog in the manager.
Clothes take a variety of forms from country to country.
He is a white elephant in our team.
The patient was all but dead.
all but = almost, nearly
I owe you one hundred dollars all told.
All told they don’t have a chance of winning.
She is anything but gentle.
They quarrel with each other as often as not.
The dentist extracted my tooth at a moment’s notice. (=immediately, at once)
I read the five books at a stretch.
A light flickered at intervals in the distance.
That questions is at issue.
The two ministries are at issue on the point.
The new cabinet is unpopular with the nation at large.
The criminal is still at large.
He told the story at full length.
at length = in detail = minutely
At length the heroine appeared from behind the curtain.
at length = at last, finally
Susie was at the end of her tether because of a series of misfortunes.
at the end of one’s tether = at the limit of one’s resources = in a fix
The ship was at the mercy of the violent waves.
A colonel was at the wheel in the coup d'état.
The scenery has changed beyond recognition.
I must do it by all means.
by all means = at all costs
“May I ask a question?” “By all means.”
Can the woman shed crocodile tears?
crocodile tears = false tears
The man and his wife argued day in and day out.
He has remained single ever since.
ever since = since then
Your composition is excellent except for some spelling mistakes.
Let’s go to the movie just for a change.
He left his hometown for good.
for good (and all) = for ever, for keeps, eternally, permanently
He ran away for his life.
for one’s (or dear, very) life
The patient is better, if anything, than yesterday.
The victim will lose his life in all likelihood.
in all likelihood = probably
I thank in anticipation. = in advance
People were in turmoil in anticipation of the victorious army.
in anticipation = in expectation
These two hypotheses are, in effect, the same thing.
effect = practically, virtually, in substance
She came to New York in quest of happiness.
in quest of = in search of
I agree to the plan in so far as it adds to our mutual welfare.
He got hurt, and was laughed at, in the bargain.
in the bargain = in addition, to boot, besides
The sentinels kept watch in turn.
Japanese Buddhism is based on that of China, which in turn came from India.
I have no doubt whatsoever.
These people must speak on behalf of their bosses.
on behalf of = for the sake of
He made the cottage on his own. = for oneself
I am on my own today. = alone, by oneself
He is on the go all day. = be busy working
She handed it to the man on the sly.
one the sly = in secret, stealthily
She was on the verge of letting out the secret.
I’ll give you this money once and all. = for this once
He told her once and for all that he would lend her no money. = decisively
Her love for her kids is part and parcel of her life. = the essential part
The singer is very popular with the rank and file. = ordinary people
My new job fits me to a T. = exactly, precisely
He carried out my instructions to the letter.
to the letter = literally, accurately, exactly
He managed to saw on the button after a fashion. = somehow
We were just about to enter the room. He said, “After you”.
He was all in after he walked all the way.
be all in = be exhausted
His youngest daughter is the apple of his eye.
I’m not to blame for it. Don’t bark up the wring tree.
I think we have broken the back of the job by now.
He finally decided to strike a bargain with Honda, and buy an Accord.
To the best of my knowledge, he is innocent of the crime.
I was surprised at her being not a bit surprised. = not at all
He gave me quite a bit of the benefit. = not a little, quite a little
You’d better make a clean breast of it to the police. = confess, entirely
Let me catch my breath.
Save your breath; I know how you feel.
The newcomer was to become a bull in a china shop in the class.
Don’ t worry. The exam is a piece of cake for you. = an easy thing
You can’t eat your cake and have it too.
She may be betrayed for all I care.
for all one cares
Their engagement was a secret, but the ring she was wearing let the cat out of the bag.
= leak the secret, spill the beans
You’ll catch it if you don’t behave yourself.
You must prepare for it against the clock. = in a great hurry
You’ll regret this when your clock strikes.
I am sending a letter of recommendation under the same cover.
You are taking the cream off my business.
I threw the girl a curve by asking her to let me kiss her. = embarrass
“Jean may marry John next year.” “That’ll be the day!” = No kidding
Cancer is eating its way his body, and it seems that his days are numbered.
How about taking a drop this evening?
She has the ear of the company president.
I’m now up to my ears in work, and have no time for a holiday.
Let’s face it out to the last.
I don’t feel it out to the last.
I ask you to fill me in on the new technique.
I doubt if the new secretary will fill the bill.
Tom has light fingers, I suspect. = be a pickpocket
I’ll have my finger crossed for your success. = with good luck
The applications will be accepted on a first come first served basis.
I’ll send you the sample (the) first thing tomorrow morning. = first of all
He declined our invitation saying that he had other fish to fry.
have other fish to fry = have some other business
I don’t expect you to follow suit, but to distinguish yourself.
All the people present wanted to let George do it.
Your father will get after you if you commit such a folly. = scold
His father gave him a piece of his mind, to no effect.
The little girl was good and hungry.
You’d better take what he says with a grain of salt.
It goes against the grain with me to fire him, but it can’t be helped.
If he thinks he can count on me, he’s got another guess coming.
The irate woman asserted that she had been had.
be had = be cheated, be taken in
Too much stress will do you harm. You have to let your hair down from time to time.
The negotiations have come to a head.
We took a short cut and headed him off.
They kicked up a hell of a row.
He didn’t mean to frighten her; he just did it just for the hell of it. = for fun
She broke all the dished just for the hell of it.
The mysterious steps scared the hell out of her. = drastically
I couldn’t hit it off with my roommate.
The teacher hit the celling and howled at his students.
It’s high time we hit the hay. = go to bed
She hit the nail on the head when she said I was a coward at heart. = guess right
We hoped against hope for his daughter’s success.
I have a hunch that this date will be a failure.
Watson and Crick broke the ice in deciding the structure of DNA.
break the ice = begin something difficult
Late again? It’s him all over.
Jean seems to have it for Tom. = love
She has had it in for John, because she was once insulted by him.
have it in for = bear a grudge
Rumor has it that she is pregnant. = say
He couldn’t kick the habit of drinking, and ended up dying of a heart attack.
He knows the ropes of power politics.
I laid over at Honolulu on my way to San Francisco.
You should take a leaf out of my book and save money.
A word from his boss made him turn over a new leaf.
Someone let on to the police that Jack took a bribe.
It’s not in my line to complain.
He will be at home, as likely as not. = probably
We can’t get the tip for love or money.
He looked down in the mouth. = dejected
His escape was nothing short of a miracle.
The trade friction is a hard nut to crack.
I’m in the pink, and hope you are, too.
I don’t buy on credit, but always pay as I go.
All the shops he runs pay their own way.
I’m not going to take you to the theater, period!
I can’t get you such an expensive thing, period!
She will go places as a movie star. = succeed
They played on his innocence to attain their goal.
He can give points to anybody when it comes to memory. = excel
Happy birthday to you! Many happy returns!
His election to the mayoralty rounded off his career. = finish successfully
“John is a nut.” “You can say that again”
The new cashier is so lazy that she isn’t worth her salt.
He stared from scratch to be a great entrepreneur.
We saw eye to eye with the authorities on the plan.
He earns more than his salary on the side.
Boys are supposed to be on the rough side.
I am not yet on the wrong side of fifty.
You’d better not sit on your hands.
They were at sixes and sevens without the leader. = our of order
“Was his performance any good?” “Just so so.”
I can’t stand to argue, so I’ll give in to her.
Don’t take it out on me. It is you who are to blame.
made the last train by the skin of my teeth. = by a hair’s breath, barely
“Behave yourself at the party!” “You’re telling me. I’m a man now, Mon.”
I can tell you, it got on my nerves. = indeed
I’m afraid I’m running a temperature.
Do you have the time?
The security police have the straight tip about theradical.
Hi is up in arms against you.
All my bets are gone, and it’s all up with me.
The new development program doesn’t hold water.
The environmentalists refused to water down their protest against pollution.
Well done! Your sculpture is swell.
She wanted to marry him in the worst way. = extremely
He writes a very good hand.